In the last 50 years worldwide, out of 14 crore 26 lakh women who have gone missing, four crore 58 lakh women are from India. The United Nations said in a report on Tuesday that “China and India have the highest number of missing women.” The ‘Global Population Status 2020 report’ released on Tuesday by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) says that the number of missing women has doubled in the last 50 years. This number was 610 million in 1970 and has increased to 14.26 million in 2020. According to the report, by 2020 four crore 58 lakh women in India and seven crore 23 lakh women have gone missing in China.
The report also included missing girls due to the cumulative effect of prenatal or postnatal sex determination. It says, “Between 2013 and 2017, nearly four lakh 60 thousand girls in India went missing at birth every year”. According to an analysis, about two-thirds of the total missing girls and one-third of deaths at birth are related to gender determination due to gender discrimination.
The report quoted the data provided by experts as saying that 90 out of an estimated 12 lakh to 1.5 million girl child missing every year worldwide due to gender selection due to gender discrimination (before birth). Out of this, 95 percent are from China and India. It states that even in terms of the number of births per year, these two countries are at the forefront. The report states that governments have taken steps to tackle the root cause of gender selection. India and Vietnam have launched campaigns to change people’s thinking.